Debian worldwide mirror sites

Debian is distributed (mirrored) on hundreds of servers on the Internet. Using a nearby server will probably speed up your download, and also reduce the load on our central servers and on the Internet as a whole.

Debian mirrors can be primary and secondary. The definitions are as follows:

A primary mirror site has good bandwidth and is syncing directly from Debian's internal syncproxy network. Some primary mirrors have aliases of the form ftp.<country> so they are easier to remember for users. They usually carry all architectures.

A secondary mirror site may have restrictions on what they mirror (due to space restrictions). Just because a site is secondary doesn't necessarily mean it'll be any slower or less up to date than a primary site. In fact, a secondary mirror that carries your architecture and is closer to you as the user and, therefore, faster, is almost always preferable to a primary that is farther away.

Use the site closest to you for the fastest downloads possible whether it is a primary or secondary site. The program netselect can be used to determine the site with the least latency; use a download program such as wget or rsync for determining the site with the most throughput. Note that geographic proximity often isn't the most important factor for determining which machine will serve you best.

If your system moves around a lot, you may be best served by a "mirror" that is backed by a global CDN. The Debian project maintains for this purpose and you can use this in your apt sources.list — consult the service's website for details.

The authoritative copy of the following list can always be found at: Everything else you want to know about Debian mirrors:

Primary Debian mirror sites

Country Site Architectures

Secondary mirrors of the Debian archive

Host name HTTP Architectures

Finland /debian/ amd64 arm64 armel armhf hurd-i386 i386 kfreebsd-amd64 kfreebsd-i386 mips mips64el mipsel powerpc ppc64el s390x sparc

Last modified: Fri Dec 13 19:36:00 2019 Number of sites listed: 8